Wednesday, November 30, 2011

A Modest Proposal -- Jonathan Swift

In his A Modest Proposal, Jonathan Swift uses the three rhetorical modes; pathos, ethos, and logos. Pathos refers to emotion, or feeling. For example: you look at a commercial of homeless puppies, and that makes you feel bad for the puppies. In the beginning of A Modest Proposal, Swift shows the use of pathos when he writes, "their helpless infants who, as they grow up, either turn thieves for want of work, or leave their dear native country, to fight for the Pretender of Spain, or sell themselves to the Barbadoes." He's trying to make you feel bad for these poor children. Ethos refers to authority. For example: Lebron James said "..." Swift uses Ethos when he references his "acquaintance in London" who said "a young healthy child well nursed, is, at a year old, a most delicious nourishing and wholesome food." Logos refers to logic. For example: Since all men are mortal, and Socrates was a man, therefore Socrates was a mortal. Swift uses the rhetorical mode of Logos when he says that if people start eating children and babies, there will be less people to feed and more food, which may help solve everything. 

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